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Full text of "An eulogy on the life and character of his Excellency George Washington, late President of the United States, delivered at Lenox, February 22, 1800"

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E U L O G Y, 


LIFE and CHARACTER of His.* 


'late prisident of the united 


Delivered at LENOX, February 22, i8co. 

By ELDAD LEWIS, Efquire* 

Publiftied at the requeft of the Audieiace, 

When Juck Friends part, 'tis the Survivor dies. 


Printed by CHESTER SMITH, 

MARCH, l80O f 



* h ' iece was h ijlily compofedfor the 

of other bujine/s, without the 
,1 any deftre would be expreffd 

From tfi< 'city of idets, that crouded ign the 

, mind, it was the orjetf of the Writer < to felecl only fome 
of the mcfl important^ and theft to cloathe in as few words 
as pcrffibfa 

He is fenfble that by attempting this, the beauty of 
ditlion, and harmony of periods is facrificed '; but he hopes 
that perfpicuity cf expreffion is not altogether lofl. 

He pretends net to originality onfo trite a fubjeEt ; but 
believes that njonelgthe lines can be claimed by another. 

■•i all ztsi?tiperfeBwns,tt isfubmittedto the Reader* 
with a hope, that the ftvti ity cfcriticifm will not be poin- 
ted at tne performance of cue, whofe employment is not 
compofitiMi nor podry hisfludy. 

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V^OLUMBIA vie!';! in deepeft grief appears ; 
Her Ions in mournful filence melt in tears: 
What lata! caufe the general forrow wakes ? 
What gives the pain which every heart partakes? 
Why heaves the bofom, what excites trie figh ? 
Whence come the pallid check, aiufdowncafl eye ? 
And why is pleasure fled, and fociai joys ; 
With rural fports, and labour's v/ommi noife ? 

k Has wafting Peflilencs with ten fa 

One half the race of Mari fwept off ;ffe ftage ?, 

Has ghoftly Famine ftopt the four :e of bread, 

And fent her millions to the Cleat de'a^j 

Have dreadful Earthquakes with a mighty fweep, 

Hurl'd Kingdoms headlong to the billowy deep ? 

Have numerous Nations, coming from afar, 

Spread through our land, the horrid flames of war ? | 

I C 4 ) 

Has PROVIDENCE inverted Nature's laws, 
And broke the t ye, .which links effea with caufe ? 

"I'is none of thcfe ; The death of one lov'd CHIEF, 

Has caufed a Nation's tears, a Nation's grief. 

From Vernon's mount, beneath the evening fkies, 
Dark fullen clouds, in gloom of night arife ; 
Wide and more wide, the lengthening columns fpread ; 
And weftern gales waft on the difmal fhade : 
From State to State, the darknefs fpreads around, 
From Georgia's realm, to HampQiire's utrnofl bound. 
On the black front, a form majeftic fiands, 
Slow bending forward, with extended hands ; 
In- {able veftments clad, with grief opprefs'd, 
He fighs, he weeps, and frnites his anxious breaft: 
He waves his hwd; attentive all appear; 
While founds funeral ftrike the tortured ear ; 
Mourn! mourn! COLUMBIA, thy /ad lofs deplore ' 

The greet, th y illujlrious WASHINGTON 9 s no mere! 

In early life, when fcarce was form'd the Man, 
Columbia's boaft his great career began ; 
Through defert wilds, and regions far aftray, 
O'er hills and lakes he trod i\\ unknown way : 
ITohofiilc Chiefs, convcy'd hi* Country's will, 
Bade {laughter ccafc, and noifc of war be ftill : 

r • 

( 5 ) 
In vain he went, in vain he urg'd the ciufc, 
Of broken leagues, and violated laws : 
In lialte he left them, deal to each demand, 
Retraced bis Heps, and reach'd his native land. 
His fam'd Report, by native genius wrote, 
Show elevated views, and ftrength of thought. 

Deep in the forefls of yon weflern land, 
The martial BRADDOCK led his chofen band y 
The barbarous Natives, toobfhuclhis vryy, 
1 hick as the leaves, in fecretambufh lay ; 
From every fide, the tribes of fwarthy foes, 
With hideous yell, to fudden combat rofe; 
Unufed to Savage toils, and modes of fight, 
He cloTed his ranks, and made his troops unite ; 
Intrepid he the fiery battle pour'd, 
Redoubled fury urg'd his glittering fword : 
In vain he fought, and all their force withftood ; 
The foe was fafe, behind the fheltering wood : 
The General fell, and all his warlike train, 
Had perifiYd there, by fav3ge weapons flain, 
Had not young WASHINGTON, with flafliing eye, ' 
Boldly advanced, and told the men to 8f| 
With mind alert, he fent his orders round, 
And brought a remnant from the fatal ground. 

( « ) 

This brilliant a£lion gave to hirn a name, 

And fpread through Europe his beginning fame* 

When England's Monarch in an evil hour, 
Licenfed with pride, and jealoufy of power, 
Opprefled this land by arbitrary laws, 
Jlefufed her prayers, and trampled on her caufe : 
His loyal fubje£is he unjuftly blam'd, 
And love of Liberty, rebellion nam'd : 
T' enforce his will, on fovereign fway intent, 
His fleets and armies to Columbia fent: 
Then war's Quill trumpet fpread her drear alarms, 
And bloody difcord moved a realm to arms ; 
Through thefe United States, fromfhore to fliore. 

The din of arms is heard, and cannon's roar : t 

What mournful fcenes enfue! .what havock reigns! 

What complicated ills! what direful pains! 

The Orphan mourns a tender Father /lain; 

The Virgin weeps her honour's brutal flain ; 

The Sifter fees a darling Brother la!! ; 

The Matron '$ parted from her Spoufe— her all: 

/vnd Friend with Frien4 tr^nsfix'd, expiring lye, 
brace in death, and ieck at once the fky. 

Dcftrueiion Follows where the army leads, 
in and flaug liter mark the path it treads; 

( 7 ) 
The Country ravaged, property ckftroyM ; 
All rights defpifed, and charters rendered void: 
The trembling People, In amaze retire, 
From fack of Towns, and Cities wrapt in fire. 
Vifit the camp, and ke the anxious ftrife, 
The toils, and dangers of a Soldier's life ; 
There view the ilccplefs guard; the ftern command ; 
-The cold intenfe, and hunger's iron hand ; 
The fierce attack, and ftill more hafly flight, 
The tirefome marches, and fatigues by night; 
The deadly wound, the agonizing pain ; 
The garments rolTd in blood and heaps of (lain. 

So when from wellern fkies the florm afcends, 
Involves the Earth, and light with darknefs blends ; 
The full charg'd clouds'tempefluous torrents pour; 
The lightening glare*, terrific thunders roar : 
The winds arife, in rolling circles play, 
Bear all before them, fweep whole groves away ; 
The winds and floods, join'd with refiftlefs force ; 
Whelm Towns and Cities in their rapid courfe. 

When Freedom's Sons, by mutual dangers rous'd, 
Pier noble caufe, with heart and hand efpous'd, 
And met at Concord firft, the murderous throng* 
And BxitiSi troops affrighted drove along ; 

( 8 ) 
Till the tired coluraas reach'd Boftonian ground ; 
Where {hips protect, and circling fcas furround ; 
There clofe befieged, they threat and boaft in vain, 
Nor dare to meet Columbia's fons again ; 
Save when a't Bunker's Hill, with dfezd alarm, 
They felt the vengeance of a free-born arm. 
Now WASHINGTON, the warlike Chief appears, 
Protects the Country, and difpels her fears ; 
PrefTes the fiege, each art of war explores ; 
The foe indignant quits Columbia's fliores. 

A numerous hofl then fail'd acrofs the main, 
Attack'd New-York, and urged the war again ; 
Experienced Generals led the veteran band, 
With weapons, (hips, and magazines at hand : 
To flem this torrent, on Columbia's fide, 
Were troops new form ? d,but few, and ill fupplied ; 
'Twas vain to ftrive with fuch fuperior force ; 
Our troops retired, and backward turned their courfe : 
Though HOWE, for battle prompt, with ardent miiid, 
Hung on the rear, and harrafs'd them behind, 
Yet WASHINGTON had {kill to reach the plain ; 
To awe the fpe, and all his power reftrain. 
By wife delays, his crafty proje&s broke ; 
Bv fktllful turns, efcaped th' intended ftroke. 

Thus foil'd by Fabian (kill, the hoftile ranks 
Recede, and march to Hudfon's weftern banks: 
Through the dcfencelefs Jerfies lead their way, 
And where no foe oppofes, gain the day. 
Our little Phalanx, whom no ills affright, 
Re-crofc the Del'ware, and renew the fight: 
Let Trenton's frozen fields the aftions tell, 
How Hefiians yielded, and how Hcffians fell ; 
While glory waits on Princeton's well fought plain, 
The Britifh conquer'd, and their legions flain. 
The baffled foe, toBrunfwick fly in hafte, 
And there immured, the winter idly wafte. 

The time would fail me, were it my defign, 
To tell what numbers fell at Brandy wine: 
Or how our troops at Schuylkill's lucklefs field, 
When nearly viftors, were obliged to yield : 
Or CLINTON, how in PENN's delightful bowers 
Play'd cards, and danced away the wintry hours. 

On Monmouth's fultry plains the battle joins, 

A martial arder kindles through the lines ; 

The thunders roar— the balls in vollies fly, 

And fhouts on fhouts re-echoing reach the iky ; 

While clouds of duft and fmoke, through ether drive* 

Roll thei* black orbs, and darken Earth and Heaven* 

f io ) 

Behold the General, on his foaming fteed, 

s through the rank*, and bids the #ar proceed: 

His nervous arm the ft eel y faulcheon wields, 

Whole plattoons, fall and corfes flrew the fields: 

While man with man, and rank with rank engage, 

He points the deadly combat where to rage : 

Amid ft the groans, the fhouts, and fulphurous blaze, 

The field of death, undaunted hefurveys : 

Hisa&ive foul attends thefcenes around, 

To hafle his troops, or call them from the ground, 

To flop the flying, the difperfed unite, 

To fire their fouls, and animate the fight 

The ardent warriors mark the Leader's eye, 

And at his nod, their deadly weapons ply ; 

They rufh impetuous o'er th' embattled heath, 

And furious hurl the vengeful bolts cf death; 

In marfhal'd ranks, the mortal conflict brave, 

And flaughter'd Heroes croud the ample grave, 

O'ermatch'd in prowefs, fee the Britifh yield, 

And flee relaxant from the bloody field. 

The boaflful CLINTON, wailing his defeat, 

By moon-light makes his notable ret re 

The foe at Yorktown feax'd no artful fnarcs, 
Yet WASHINGTON approaches unawares; 

C ii ) 

u i Sits down before them, all his ardor damps, 
And in due form inverts the hoftile camps : 
While famed De GRASSE leads on the Gallic fleets 
Scours o'er the feas, and haughty GRAVES defeats. 
The works advance ;— the lines are drawn around;-* 
The foe retires, confined to narrow ground ; 
New bulwarks rife ; — the parapets are iorm'd ;— 
The trumpet founds;— the hoftile forts ars ftorm'd. 
CORNWALLIS heaid the tumults of the field, 
Peeps from his cave, and bids his army yield. 

For eight long years Columbia** riehefl blood, 
To guard her facred rights, in rivers flow'd; 
It pour'd its torrents from a thoufand veins, 
And heap'd with clotled gore, th' impurpled plains; 
Nor ceas'd, till Liberty was well fecur'd, 
Her barriers fix'd, and foreiga power abjured. 
The Bi itifh KING was forced at length to own, 
Thefe States were independent of his throne* 
Though itrugglinglong, he yielded each demand, 
Recall'd his troops, and freed from war the IdrA. 
The bloody fcenes wereclosVl and peace reilor'4 
And Godlike WASHINGTON re-fheatlrd his .f won 

In all tflefe toils, in all the arduous itrife, 
The CHIEFTAIN firft, and foremofl riiqued his life 

r I* > 

On him alone devolved his Country's cares, 
And weighty burdens ot her vafi affairs : 
Cautious and firm,*he bore a general fway, 
Ruled all the war, and taught the world i' obey ; 
With undiverted aim, and fteady hand, 
He promptly afted what his wifdom planned ; 
Through all the mighty fcenes auguft he moved, 
By enemies admired, by friends beloved : 
And when th' important objeft was obtain'd, 
The fame illufirious PATRIOT he remained ; 
With noblefl views, and virtuous fame infpired, 
He freely from the height of power retired* 
J From fields of glory, where the laurels grow, 
To where Potowmack's waters gently flow, 
The HERO came on his triumphal Car, 
Graced with the honors of fuccefsful war : 
He laid, well pleafed, the warlike garb a fide-, 
To humble fcenes, and rural arts applied ; 
With fweet content, he till'd the fmiling fields, 
And felt what pleafure agriculture yields. 

But when Columbia's broken State he faw, 
Though blefs'd with peace, yet deflituteoi law; 
He join'd thofe SAGES, who by wife debates, 
Prepared a Conftitution for thefc States : 

( i3 > 

Then by Columbia's voluntary choice, 

Ele&ed Chief, with no Jiffc-ming voice. 

H' aflumed the weighty truft,and rule J the land, 

And dealt out jullke with an equal hand j 

The public weal he fleadily purfued, 

Nor felt a motive, but the general gocd : 

His grateful Country, pleafed with all his ways, 

Beftow'd her willing, undifTemblcd praife. 

But lo! in Europe, devaflation reigns, 

And Frenchmen drench in blood a thoufand plains; 

Their impious flag, in Heaven's defpite unfuiTd, 

Bears rapine, death, and terror o'er the world ; 

Their Hill more baleful diplomatic fkill, 

With trait'rous cabals, friendly nations fill; 

Their fubtil Agents, with deceit refm'd, 

Travel fe the Earth, and poifon half mankind ; 

In fecret places, the contagion lurks, 

Involv'd in tenfold night, unfeen it works : 

Now chang'd is every moral principle, 

Nor right from wrong is known, nor good, from ill 

The dark intrigues diflurb our happy land, 

It's order'Dreak, and every focial band ; 

In ali their hydra lorms, dire factions rife, 

Deride the laws, and Government cfefpifej 

( M ) 

Their wicked arts to every crime invite, 
Confufion bung, and anarchy excite; 
Though clothM with Virtue's adamantiue mail, 
Their lhamelcfs tongucf the PRESIDENT aflail, 
Oppofe his peaceful plans, and thwart his courfc, 
Commotions raife, and threaten open force, 
But'fclf collected, he their rage defies, 
Their noify {landers, and opprobrious lies ; 
Nothing appall'd, in nothing led aflrav, 
He firmly treads th' undeviating way ; 
Though envy fnarls, and traitors lay their plans, 
Jn confeious reclitute unmoved, he ftands. 

So fomc huge rock, from Ocean's oozy bed, 
.Above the furface lifts its rugged head ; 
Raifed by the boifterous winds, the fwelling tides. 
Foam beat, anddafh againfl its f^able fides ; 
They rage uncurb'd, amidft th' extended main, 
Bat winds and f urges rage and dafli in vain ; 
b own bafe it (lands, fecure and faff, 

tng furge, and angry blaft. 

I trobi i thrice her Jailing SON appro v-4, 
orld how ardently (hcJov'd 

\2i\n hcM fill, 
ppofed her vi!l : 

( *5 ) 
With Patriot feelings warm'd, and pure defirea 
He quits all power, to piivate life retires ; 
To verdant meads, and long extended glades, 
To murmuring brooks, and cool refrefhing fhades j 
Where friendly fouls, in focial converfe join'd, 
Prolong the day, and cultivate the mind : 
The place, the fcenes, the bufinefs, pleafe him more, 
Than all the pageantry of State before. 
Th' admiring world a monument will raife, 
To crown a deed like this, with endlefs praife, 

In other Countries, fee the mighty Great, 
Placed high, by Fortune, on the Car of State ; 
With much profufion, in their lap fhe pours, 
The liberal treafures of exhauftlefs (lores : 
Above control, beyond the reach of laws* 
Contempt they feel not, nor regard applaufe : 
Their minds elate with fcorn, and fwelPd with pride* 
They mock the vulgar, and their toils deride ; 
Ablorb'd in vice, and hating virtue's plan, 
They live the fccurges, pefls and plagues of Man : 
Look where we will, the haughty great we find, 
Contemn the rights, and trample on mankind. 

The conqueror boafls what countries he's iubdued| 
An Empire ruin'd, and a fea of blood : 

( i6 ) 

Th' intngueing Statelman, fkill'd in fraud and lies, 
Enflaves the Subjeft, under law's difguife : 
The rich, to gratify their lufl and pride, 
Expend their wealth, nor think of ought befide. 
Thus through high life, we fee a conftant courfe, 
Juftice rnuft yield to power, and right to force ; 
The great ones will infult and tyranize, 
The week opprefs, the low and poor defpife. 

Not fo our WASHINGTON, that generous mind* ; 
Was form'd to blefs, and happify mankind : 
When we furvey his private walks of life, 
How rich with virtues, and how void of ftrife ; 
What ardent love, — what fympathy refined, 
How tender, good, companionate, and kind : 
He footh'd his Spoufe, nor cheer'd his Servants Ieh , 
His fondefl wiflies were to pleafe and blefs : 
tie cloath'd the naked, fill'd with bread the poor ; 
Nor chid the wandering ftranger from his door: 
The weak he flrengthened by his tender aid, 
And llil I'd thofe groans, which pain and ficknefs madu 
He pour'd the balm into the weeping heart, 
And bade the tear from forrow's cheek depart. 

But when we view the MAN ia public fpheres, 
All majefly, and greatne. r s he appears : 

f «7 ) 
pright and pure, and refolutely juft, 
Inflexible and firm, and Heady to histruft; 

By will >m and by prudence led, 

1 he fcou i ants, and of knaves the dread ; 

Virtue lie loved, but every vice defyis'd, 

The bafe he fpurn'd, the worthy patronlz'd : 

In him COLUMBIA found a cordial friend ; 

T' enfure her blifs, his only fcope and end : 

Jle Spent his anxious days, and reftlefs nights, 

T' a r wrongs, and vindicate her right* ; 

Hegave a fenclion to her focred caufe, 

Expell'd mifrule; and 'dabliuYd equal laws ; 

Hei common Freedom claim'd Lis prayerful lighs* 

He long contended forth'; glorious prize; 

And had, to venal motives, no regard; 

He ferved^he fought, but all without reward : 

He faw, with pleafure, what his hands had done, 

An Empire founded, and a realm begun. 

The tree of Freedom, planted by his (kill, 
Grows like the tree of life, on Eden's hill : 
The roots in virtue fix'd, by wifdom's hands; 
The noble trunk in flrength, and beauty flandi C 
The Earth its richeft nourifhment fupplie*, 
While lagiftcning dews fupport i$ from ike feici ? 


I 18 } 

i€ wide extending fhade a (belter iorms, 
Secure from burning fan 5 ;, an J i ftorras : 

ng the booghs, the cad ; 

on the leaves the Sciences are n 
The fruit of glory, cluttering from abo\e, 
1 Spread* life and joy, and ui .eve. 

C lumbia's Sons will narrate to their heirs, 
{ Thefe wond'rous deeds, and they again to theirs : 
I Alorg the vale of time their fame will move, 
Each realm applaud, and every age approve : 
The praile, the glory, through the world extend, 
Till time, and nature reach their final end. 

Then mourn, ye Aged, your COMPATRIOT fled ! 
And mourn, ye Fair, your (exes GUARDIAN dead! 
Ye Patriots mourn, your Country'sBOASTandPRIDEf 
And mourn, ye Youth, your FATHER, FRIEND and 

COLUMBIA mourn ! thy haplefs fet« 'deplore ! 
Thy KERO, CHIEF, and STATESMAN is ncmcre ! 

But why thu* mourn ?— Our FRIEND was rr 
made ; 
The debt of nature he has only paid ; 
Th' immortal foul Hill live* in r >ve ; 

la realm* ot peact . of Mifcj and pureft love : 

( '9 ) 

He lives the example of all future timei, 
The boaft of virtue, and the dread of crimes: 
He dill enjoins us to obey the laws, 
To guard our Country's Freedom, and her caufe : 
He Hill promotes our harmony and peace, 
Bids mutual love and confidence increafe; 
From honour, truth and juftice never fwerve. 
All contracts keep, and plighted faith prefervej 
Forever hearken to our Country's calls, 
Protect her ramparts, and defend her walls ; 
Support in office, thofe we've freely chofe, 
But vile, intrigueing foreigners oppofe. 

Long may his memory on our hearts abide I 
Long may his precepts all our Councils guide! 
Long may his fpirit on cur ADAMS reft! 
Long may it dwell in every Freeman*! bieafl! 

As when the Prophet on his flaming Car, 
In triumph mounted through the liquid air; 
The woild of comfort, hope and joy bereft, 
iX ' With raptures found his facred Mantle left. 

Then friends to Virtue, flay the riling figh ; 
Dried be thofe tears, which gliften in the eye ; 
Though war on war re-echoes dire alarms ; 
Though blood and flaughter call the world to arms; 

aough clouds and darknefs fprcad their gloom around ; 

jugh light\tings fldHi, and thunders rock the ground ; 

Though factions rage, and civil dilcords rife, 

Though f^mpires fall, and Heroes mount the fkies ; 

Yet ceafe, COLUMBIA, ceafe thy mournful ftrains } 

And weep bo more, TK Y GOD ETERNAL REIGNS t 


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